Srinagar - Capital Of J&K


Srinagar is the largest city and the capital of Jammu and Kashmir. It lies in the Kashmir Valley on the banks of the Jhelum River, a tributary of the Indus, and Dal and Anchar lakes. The city is famous for its gardens, waterfronts and houseboats. It is also known for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts and dried fruits. Known as the "Venice of Orient", it lies in the western part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir and is also the central part of Kashmir. Having area of about 105 sq kms.


Srinagar, the heart of the Kashmir Valley, still preserves the imprints of the Mughals and the British. The valley takes great pride in its lakes, gardens and the charming rows of houseboats floating on them. Popular for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts, kashmiri clothes and dry fruits, Srinagar is bordered by five districts. To its northern side is Kargil, in the south is Pulwama and in the north-west lies Budgam. "If there is a heaven on earth, it's here, it's here, it's here", exclaimed the Mughal emperor Jahangir on his first visit to this place. The summer capital of J&K State, Srinagar city has a vital role in the history of Kashmir. For this reason, Persian chronicles call it Shehr-e-Kashmir or 'City of Kashmir'.

Every ruler chiseled a new shape of Srinagar and emphasized on better connectivity with surrounding areas. Srinagar has both medieval charm and a touch of modernity. The city is surrounded by awesome mountains and river Jehlum meanders through it. The old city bazaars, malls and shopping centers around Lal chowk reflect her importance as a commercial hub. Here, months could pass sightseeing at different locations, be it historical or religious places, gardens or lakes, craft bazaars or stone carving centres, places of poets or saints, wildlife sanctuaries or trout hatcheries - its a destination that always remains a discovery for visitors.

in Lal Chowk and Residency Road, one finds selling stylish clothes and fast food specialities, located in some of the best shopping malls and lively streets open throughout the day and late evenings. Connected by more than a dozen bridges over river Jehlum flowing across the city, a major portion of the old city is named after these bridges such as Amira Kadal, Budshah Kadal, Habba Kadal, Fateh Kadal, Zaina Kadal, Nawa Kadal, Aali Kadal and Safa Kadal and more. Zaina Hal, the first wooden bridge, was Kadal and more. Zaina Kadal,the first wooden bridge,was constructed by Sultan Zain-ul-Abidin.


1) Mughal Gardens: Srinagar has some Mughal gardens, forming a part of those laid by the Mughal emperors across the Indian subcontinent. Those of Srinagar and its close vicinity include Chashma Shahi (the royal fountains); Pari Mahal (the palace of the fairies); Nishat Bagh (the garden of spring); Shalimar Bagh; the Naseem Bagh. awaharlal Nehru Memorial Botanical Garden is a botanical garden in the city, set up in 1969. The government has included these gardens under "Mughal Gardens of Jammu and Kashmir" in the tentative list for sites to be included in world Heritage sites.

2) Lakes: Srinagar is one of several places that have been called the "Venice of the East" or the "Kashmiri Venice". Lakes around the city include Dal Lake – noted for its houseboats – and Nigeen Lake. Apart from Dal lake and Nigeen lake, city is also famous for wular lake and manasbal lake to the north of srinagar. Wular lake is one of the largest fresh water lakes in Asia.

3) Old City: Downtown, popularly known as Shehr-e-Khaas, is a notable area in the municipality of Srinagar. It is the largest and the most densely populated area in the city of Srinagar. The area is mostly located on the banks of Jhelum river about 5 km from city center. The area is considered as the core point in the city as the first inhabitants of the Srinagar lived here. The area reflects the images of old city of Srinagar. The historical buildings and monuments in the area reflect the design of old times. The residential homes are depicted to be constructed from late-19th century to early-20th century. Many key monuments like Jamia Masjid, Khanqah-e-moula, Maharaj Gunj and shrines have been built famous rulers of Kashmir.

4) Shrines & Temples: Kashmir is blessed with some of the famous Temples & Mosques like Hazratbal Mosque, Shankaracharya Temple, Hari Parbat Fort & Temple of Sharika Devi, Jama Masjid, Khanqah of Shah i Hamdan, Makhdoom Sahib , Aali Masjid , Chhatti Padshahi Gurudwara etc.